Ventricular septal defect followed by atrial septal defect are the most common types of congenital heart diseases affecting people of Saudi Arabia. While congenital heart diseases are the leading cause of infant deaths worldwide, it is also a major health problem within the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. At present, occurrence of congenital heart diseases in Saudi Arabia is more than 5 per 1000 live births and is likely to get worse. Severity of congenital heart diseases in Saudi Arabia is such that healthcare authorities in the country are working on providing intervention in infancy. However, actual incidence of severe congenital heart disease is very important for defining requirement of resources and burden of disease within the population.
What are Congenital Heart Diseases?
Congenital heart disease is an abnormality within the child’s heart which is present at the time of birth. These problems generally relate to the heart walls, heart valves or blood vessels associated with the heart. There are many types of congenital heart diseases and can range from simple conditions causing no symptoms to complex issues which are severe and life-threatening. However, treatments which are available for congenital heart diseases nowadays are effective and most children can survive into adulthood and go on to live active and productive lives.
Types of Congenital Heart Diseases
Many doctors generally classify congenital heart diseases into two types; cyanotic congenital heart diseases and acyanotic congenital heart diseases. However, the pumping function of heart is compromised in both these categories. The difference between the two is that cyanotic congenital heart diseases are the types which affect by reducing the level of oxygen in the blood and the acyanotic congenital heart diseases do not do so. Lack of oxygen is the prime reason why children suffering from cyanotic congenital heart disease experience breathlessness and bluish tint to skin. Some of the most common congenital heart diseases affecting children include aortic valve stenosis, coarctation of the aorta, Ebstein’s anomaly, patent ductus arteriosus, pulmonary valve stenosis, tetralogy of Fallot, total anomalous pulmonary venous connection, transposition of the great arteries, truncus arteriosus and septal defects like atrial septal defect and ventricular septal defects.
What are Septal Defects?
Septal defects are congenital heart diseases which affect the walls between main chambers of the heart. The two main types of septal defects which constitute congenital heart disease in children include atrial septal defects and ventricular septal defects.
- Atrial Septal Defects – When there is a hole in between the left and the right atria, the two collecting chambers of the heart, it is known as an atrial septal defect. This is one of the most common types of congenital heart disease affecting 2 in every 1,000 babies taking birth. Typically, extra blood will flow through the hole into right side of the heart in atrial septal defect cases and cause the chamber to stretch and enlarge.
- Ventricular Septal Defects – Ventricular septal defects are also common and affect about 2 in every 1,000 babies who are born. Ventricular septal defect is a hole found in-between the left and right ventricles, the two pumping chambers of the heart. Typically, extra amount of blood will flow from the left to right ventricle due to pressure and go into lungs as well. This will eventually build high pressure in lungs and stretch the left side pumping chamber of the heart.
Best Congenital Heart Disease Treatment in India is Reasonably Priced
Congenital heart disease treatment in India is an excellent opportunity for overseas patients willing to travel to other countries for good quality of medical procedures at affordable costs. Pediatric cardiac surgeons in India are some of the best globally recognized specialists who are adept at performing the most complex operations. Cardiac surgeons are also highly skilled in performing minimally invasive and robotic surgery procedures for a number of congenital heart disease treatments in India. Apart from getting the best types of cardiac treatments, overseas patients can also expect to save about 70 percent of their money as well by undergoing congenital heart disease treatment in India.